What do you need to know about white spots on teeth? Causes, Symptoms, Cure
Whether it is about sharing a good smile or having a bite of your favorite food, healthy teeth are the main ingredient of your satisfaction. Regardless of the healthy strength of the teeth, we do demand a shiny appearance of our teeth. Although we all demand white teeth, it will be utterly unwanted to have chalky white spots on teeth.
What Are White Spots On Teeth?
White spots on teeth are unevenly spread sharp white stains around the teeth which give them a very ugly look. Sometimes these happen in the earlier stages of the enamel formation, meaning in the childhood. Other times it happens in the later stages of life due to lack of care or some mineral deficiencies.
What Causes White Spots On Teeth?
There are several reasons of white spots on teeth, but most commonly these develop due to Dry mouth, Acidity, Fluorosis, Enamel Hypoplasia, Demineralization or Genetic disorder.
Dry mouth: In dry mouth saliva secretion is low which does not allow it to neutralize the PH level of the body. It results into acid-producing bacteria to become active and cause the white spots on teeth.
Acidity: Sometimes the problem of white spots is not directly connected with the mouth. As in the case of acidity of the stomach, the white spots on teeth are likely to appear.
The burgeoning usage of the fluoride in toothpaste has increased the complexities of white spots on teeth among the kids. As fluoride is ingested, using the toothpaste while the teeth enamel is still forming among the children. Although fluoride helps to strengthen the teeth, the excessive fluorides are equally dangerous for health and initially cause white spots which ultimately lead to brown spots or even tooth-decay.
Enamel Hypoplasia occurs when during the developmental stage of the teeth, kids have several mineral deficiencies. Mostly, the deficiency of calcium is the cause of enamel hypoplasia. Due to the mineral deficiencies, the tooth with enamel hypoplasia has a greater probability to decay. The other reasons can be the excessive intake of fluorides or smoking by the mother during pregnancy or the premature birth due to some other complexities.
It occurs when proper daily dental care is not followed. The food particles get attached to the gums and between the braces for the people who already are having the orthodontic treatment. It causes the bacteria to attack the affected areas and weaken them by releasing acids to digest the material.
According to a study by the University of Minnesota in 2011, about 73% of the patients with orthodontic treatment were reported to have white spots on teeth due to their braces and difficulty in cleaning the tooth during the treatment.
Genetic Disorder: Sometimes there are certain genes which cause white spots.
How to Cure White Spots On Teeth?
Various methods can be used to remove the white spots on teeth. It depends on the severity of the white spots on teeth for any particular treatment. Some of the treatments include:
- Resin Infiltration System: It is one of the easiest ways to remove these white spots. In this process, the pores of the tooth are infiltrated through resin which is quite similar to the white fillings. To deeply fill the resin a special kind of gel is used which fully opens the pore. This resin blocks the enamel destroying acid and helps in preventing further decay. While it also provides a healthy enamel appearance.
- Micro abrasion: This involves the removal of a thin layer of the tooth enamel. Tooth-whitening treatment mostly follows it.
- Bleaching: It is the tooth-whitening treatment, and it provides very good results when the White spots on teeth are very light. And simply bleaching can lighten the entire tooth to match the white spots. Thus, bringing the uniformity in tooth color.
- Bonding: This kind of treatment is for the deeper white spots. In bonding the entire affected area is removed and substituted with dental bonding; a material that binds with the teeth.
- Porcelain Veneers: Porcelain veneer is the best treatment for the spots that cannot be removed alone by bleaching. This process is a bit longer as the front layer of the tooth is substituted with porcelain; a ceramic material. Veneers are bonded to the front of the tooth, and the removed layer is less than 1 millimeter.
Preventing White Spots
Despite all the methods to recover white spots on teeth the best way is to prevent teeth from such habits or avoid such foods or beverages that cause this in the long term. Certainly, these simple day to day tips can help to maintain the uniform color of the teeth:
- Brushing and flossing after every meal.
- Avoiding beverages or acidic foods.
- Use a prescribed amount of fluoride toothpaste and especially take care about the usage or intake of fluoride toothpaste among kids.
- Visit your dentist in every six months.
- Try to have a healthy balanced diet to avoid mineral deficiencies.
- Do not smoke during pregnancy as this increases the chances of disorders among the new born babies.
- Always be careful with the drinking water as most of the mineral water contains an unrecognized amount of fluorides in it.
- Use tooth pastes with Zinc citrate as an ingredient.
Home Remedies For White Spots On Teeth:
Although white spots do look ugly and shade your confidence. These aren’t the major health issue, and those with little complexities can turn towards home remedies and avoid any expensive treatment.
One of the easiest home remedies is:
Ingredients: Baking Soda, Hydrogen Peroxide
Method: Make a paste of baking soda and hydrogen peroxide and use it as toothpaste.
As 3% hydrogen peroxide in any toothpaste helps in decalcifying the tartar built-up in the teeth. Also, the mixture of baking soda and Hydrogen peroxide are the best combination for a home-based bleaching method.
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